In self-assessment of IQ, below-average people overestimated their score and those above average underestimated.Studies of healthy and unhealthy behaviors are handicapped when they rely on self-reporting because test subjects tend to improve their evaluation.To be clear, this is not a “hit piece” on Andy, rather using logic and common sense I hope it is some comfort for those worried.I believe what and “how” Andy has acted can be classified as irresponsible for several reasons.
(It’s nothing personal: they simply came fast and furious, way faster than I could handle in an online fashion—so I gave up on chronological order and simply wrote answers in whatever order they popped into my head.) At this point, I’m no longer accepting any new questions.
“If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles.
If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained, you will also suffer a defeat. Bush, in a speech delivered to a joint session of Congress on 11 September 1990 entitled “Toward a New World Order,” headlined a geopolitical theme that has garnered a great deal of attention ever since.
In self-evaluations of driving ability, job performance, and even immunity to bias, we tend to polish our image. ”), and (2) the error where bias changes depending on actual competence, with the less and more competent groups rating themselves too high and too low, respectively.
This is called the Lake Wobegone Effect, named after the town where “all the children are above average.” Notice that there are two different categories of error: (1) the error where there is a preferred answer and most people are biased toward giving that answer (“How much snack food do you eat? Let’s look at the second category, where the two extremes make opposite errors.
In order to support his thesis, Liddle presents numerous examples of actions and words by atheists which he argues are direct parallels of religious attitudes.