It is possible to tell the number of years ago a particular rock or archeological site had been formed.
Two broad categories of classification methods are relative dating and absolute dating.
It is clear then that absolute dating is based upon physical and chemical properties of artifacts that provide a clue regarding the true age.
This is possible because properties of rock formations are closely associated with the age of the artifacts found trapped within them.
ANSWER: Relative dating is used to determine the relative ages of geologic strata, artifacts, historical events, etc.
This technique does not give specific ages to items.
Estimates of the absolute age of prehistoric and geological events and remains amounted to little more than inspired guesswork, as there was no scientific basis for testing such proposals.” With this background, it is strange that the “standard geologic column” that identifies the rock strata on the earth and assigns very old ages to those strata was developed by Sir Charles Lyell in 1830.
This was done 100 years before absolute dating methods were available.
Stratigraphy uses the assumption that higher layers or strata were laid down after lower layers.• Relative dating does not tell the exact age, it can only compare items as younger and older.• Absolute dating techniques can tell the exact age of an artifact by employing various techniques, the most popular being C-14 dating.It only sequences the age of things or determines if something is older or younger than other things.Some types of relative dating techniques include climate chronology, dendrochronology, ice core sampling, stratigraphy, and seriation.
However, age of deposition does not mean the age of artifacts found in that layer.